“Exporting out of Agriculture: the Impact of WTO Accession on Structural Transformation in China” by Bilge Erten and Jessica Leight has been accepted for publication at the Review of Economics and Statistics.
This paper analyzes the effect of China’s accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001 on structural transformation at the local level, exploiting cross-sectional variation in tariff uncertainty faced by county economies pre-2001. Using a new panel of 1,800 Chinese counties from 1996 to 2013, we find that counties more exposed to the reduction in tariff uncertainty post-accession are characterized by increased exports and, foreign direct investment, shrinking agricultural sectors, expanding secondary sectors,,and higher total and per capita GDP. In addition, when labor substitutes from non-agricultural to agricultural production in counties exposed to positive trade shocks agricultural output declines.
“Compulsory Schooling for Whom? The Role of Gender, Poverty, and Religiosity,” by Bilge Erten and Pinar Keskin has been accepted to Economics of Education Review for publication.
We exploit an extension of compulsory schooling in Turkey to identify which population segments that otherwise would not have attended high school complied with the law and which type of schools they chose to attend. By adopting a regression discontinuity design, we find that the reform increased high school attendance for both boys and girls. The main compliers with the reform among boys were those who would have participated in paid employment prior to the change in law. Conversely, female compliers would have likely not been in education, employment, or training (NEET), or they could have been employed in unpaid work. Although regional poverty rates do not affect the compliance rates for boys or girls, we find that the reform had a positive impact on girls’ high school attendance only in more religiously conservative regions, and that the NEET status of girls in these regions declined. Finally, we find that the marginal students chose to attend vocational high schools, as opposed to academic high schools. We provide some suggestive evidence showing that the increase in vocational school attendance was not driven by an increase in the supply of these schools.
In addition, a summary of Professor Erten’s and Pinar Keskin’s paper (referenced above) on education and domestic violence is published on VoxDev. Link to article
“Trade Liberalization and Local Labor Market Adjustment in South Africa”, by Bilge Erten, Jessica Leight and Fiona Tregenna has been published in the May 2019 issue of the Journal of International Economics.
“The real exchange rate, structural change, and female labor force participation” by Bilge Erten’ and Martina Metzger has been published in the May 2019 issue of World Development.