On December 2, 2019, Professor Dov Waxman delivered the 2019 Israel Studies Lecture, the sixth in a series he initiated when he joined the Northeastern faculty 5 years ago. Titled The Religionization of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: From Myth to Reality, Waxman gave an overview of the history of the conflict and the role of religion in it. Contrary to popular misconceptions, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is neither very old nor primarily religious. However, on both sides, religious extremists believe their religion forbids them from conceding territory. Their opposition to any two-state solution, and the potential for disruption and violence as part of their opposition, are obstacles to any political and diplomatic resolution. Prof. Waxman believes that the only way forward is to acknowledge the religious dimension on each side and to conduct negotiations that acknowledge the values and languages of Judaism and Islam. He advocates for abandoning a purely secular process, and incorporating moderate religious leaders in future negotiations.