In 2013 Steven Dwight Hammond and his father Dwight Lincoln Hammond, Jr., were indited for setting a fire that destroyed 139 acres of federal lands in Oregon that were held in trust by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. Father and son were found guilty and sentenced to a mandatory 5-year sentence in 2016 for violation of a federal statute protecting federal lands. Their sentencing and incarceration prompted a 41-day armed occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Harney County, Oregon, that closed businesses, schools, and disrupted the lives of the area’s residents. This week President Trump pardoned the Hammonds, calling their sentencing unjust even though they were in violation of federal law. Professor Megan Goodwin explores the implications of this controversial decision in this article.